Archive for October, 2010
The Holy city Al Madinah Al Munawwarah is full of icons relating to the Last Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Masjidul Jumua’ is one among it which is built on the place where Rasoolullah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) offered first ever Jumua’ Prayer (Friday Congregation Prayer) in Madinah.
Rasoolullah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) before migrating to Madinah had sent an envoy (داعي) to invite people there to Islam and lead them in Prayers. That was famous companion Mus’ab bin Umair (مصعب بن عمير رضي الله عنه) who was martyred in the battle of Uhud. It was Mus’ab (رضي الله عنه) who used to lead Jumua’ Pryers in Madinah. When Rasoolullah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) reached Madinah he stayed in Quba for 4 days. He (صلى الله عليه و سلم) resumed the journey in a Friday and reached the locality of Banu Salem bin Auf and prayed Jumua in the open land there called Al Qubaib or Ranoona Valley.
Masjidul Jumua’ is located around 1KM north of from Quba. Banu Salem tribe constructed a Masjid there during time of Rasoolullah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) itself. Later many renovations took place notably by Shihabuddin Qawan and Al Sayyid Hasan Al Sharbetly. Latest renovations and expansion was by King Fahad bin Abdul Azeez in 1412H.
Reference: Tarikh Maa’lim Al Madinah Al Munawwarah by Ahmad Yaseen and Pictorial History of Madinah Al Munawwarah by Dr. Muhammad Ilyas Abdul Ghani
A mountain which the beloved of Allah choose for worshipping His Lord in solitude, a cave at which two Holiest creations of Allah met to commence a new era of life in earth, a place where Allah’s sacred commands revealed to the Last Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) for the first time. There is a lot if one wants to write on the importance of this place.
Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to be there for a many months praying to Allah in loneliness away from all interferences of this world. It was in a day in the month of Holy Ramadan in which Allah sent the Prime Angel Jibreel (عليه السلام) with His commands.
1 – Proclaim! (or Read!) In the name of thy Lord and Cherisher, who created
2 – Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood
3 – Proclaim! And thy Lord is Most Bountiful
4 – He Who taught (the use of) the Pen
5 – Taught man that which he knew not.
It was the day which marked beginning of a new era when ignorance eclipsed the human society for many centuries bid farewell to the light of knowledge and wisdom. It was the day the earth and skies and all in them were waiting anxiously for a long time. It was the day when Mohammed (صلى الله عليه و سلم) was assigned the duty of preaching Allah’s orders to the entire Mankind and Jinnee.
Which is this place? No question, almost all Muslims know it. It is Jabal al Noor (Mount of Light) located in north of Makkah left of the way towards ‘Arafat’. It is a mountain with steep slope 200m tall. Cave of Hira (غار حراء) is some 50m away from peak of the mountain. Almost five persons can sit in it. One can see Kaa’ba straight and clear from this cave.
Devotees visiting Jabal al Noor from various part of the world walk a few steps in the plane and feel exhausted. A few people force their way up neglecting harsh desert climate conditions to see the place where their beloved Rasoolullah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) got His first heavenly command (وحي). We reached there around 11:00am amidst scorching heat of June. We didn’t risk climbing the mountain though we longed for it.
One would wonder how Rasoolullah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) climbed many times and stayed atop of the mountain for many days in succession with these unfavorable conditions. One would really feel and shed some tears on the sacrifice shown by Sayyidatuna Khadeejatul Kubra (رضي الله عنها) at the age of 55 who climbed up taking provisions to her husband Rasoolullah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) at least once in a day.
Reference: Fee Rihab al Bait al Haram authored by respected Shaikh Mohammed Alawi Al Maliki (رحمة الله عليه)
Places where activities took place in ancient times are considered of high importance by historians and archeologists. They use traces of those localities to study how past human societies lived. Middle Eastern countries have many places of archeological significance because the entire human breed has been evolved in this part of the earth.
Quran and other Heavenly Books narrate history of many Prophets, to name some Nuh (عليه السلام), Hud (عليه السلام), Salih (عليه السلام), Ibrahim (عليه السلام), Lut (عليه السلام), Younus (عليه السلام). Tracing back to history one can find people of all those Prophets were inhabited in present day Arabian counties like Saudi, Yemen, Oman, Jordan, Palestine, Iraq etc.
Sayyiduna Ibrahim (عليه السلام) moved his wife Hajar (رضي الله عنها) and eldest son Sayyiduna Ismael (عليه السلام) to Makkah which marked a new chapter in history. Jurhum tribe from Yemen met the mother and the son lonely in Makkah and asked their permission to settle in there. Ismael (عليه السلام) married from Jurhum tribe and he learned Arabic language from them. All his offspring and tribes to follow settled in and around Makkah, a place mentioned in History as Hijaz. Quraish, the tribe of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) is the prominent among tribes originated from Sayyiduna Ismael (عليه السلام).
Arabs especially Quraish tribe was excellent in Arabic literature and poetry. They used to assemble in market areas to read poems and admire its harmony and beauty. For an instance Quran’s unparalleled supremacy in literal content is attributed as a challenge to literature savvy Arab people.
Souq Okaz is such a historic place where poets will gather in evenings and compete with their wordings. It was an old market place popular in dark ages (قرون الجاهلية) where people used to trade goods. Sayyiduna Muhammad Rasoolullah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) occasionally visited there to preach Islam in public with in His attractive style and voice.
Souq Okaz is situated some 45 KM away from Taif towards Riyad (old Najd). It is marked as a tourist attraction place with some ancient looking structures build over there. The area is around 2KM x 1KM is well compounded and maintained by the authorities. On the way we found a few people at the backdrop of their 4 wheel drives having some chats little far from main road. Other than this the place was deserted without a single soul is seen in nearby vicinity.